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Countries That Disappeared In The 20th Century

Published on January 29, 2018 by Vesta

It is quite unusual for a nation to vanish from the Earth and stop existing. Nevertheless, it has happened several times. The world has endured the loss of several nations together with their flags, national anthems and legislatures each of which disappearing throughout the 20th century. We prepared a list for you but mind you, it is organized randomly, without the use of any particular order.


Modeled from the residues of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire, Czechoslovakia was one of the few prospects in Europe. The country succeeded in sustaining one of the continent’s few working democracies prior to the Second World War. In 1938 in Munich it was betrayed by England and France and by March of 1939 it had been entirely occupied by Germany, and eliminated from the map. It was occupied by the Soviets later on. It was them who turned it into another vassal state of the old Soviet Union until that nation’s subsidence in 1991. From that moment on, Czechoslovakia gradually started earring a reputation as a quavering and trembling country. That should have been the end of the story if the ethnic Slavs in the eastern half of the country had not demanded their own independent state, dissevering Czechoslovakia in two parts in the year 1992. Today, it exists as the Czech Republic in the west, and the nation of Slovakia in the east.


All of the countries that were on the losing side after the First World War suffered economically, and territorially to a certain degree however, none lost more than the once-mighty and vigorous Austro-Hungarian Empire At the time, Austro-Hungary was chopped into countless pieces among hungry beasts for territorial expansion. Out of the dissevering of the once-fierce empire came the modern countries of Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, with parts of it going to Poland, Italy and Romania. So why did it separated when its neighbor, Germany did not? The reason for that was because it lacked a common identity and language. Also was a home to ethnic and religious groups, most of whom had little or nothing to do with each other. The wiping out of the country was made possible by the winners in the WWI who were eager to expand their countries further on.


One of the great empires in history was the Ottoman Empire whose end finally came in November of 1922, after an estimable duration of over six hundred years. Once extending from Morocco to the Persian Gulf and from Sudan to as far north as Hungary, its pernicious decease was a sluggish process of dissolution over many centuries. It was only by the daybreak of the 20th century, that the empire finally got scattered in pieces.

It was still the leading power broker in the Middle East and North Africa, and this would still have been the case today, had it not been for the catastrophic decision of allying itself with the losing side in World War I. The Ottoman Empire got disassembled in the aftermath, with the biggest territorial part of it (Egypt, Sudan, and Palestine) going to England. By 1922 it had reached its functionality, and finally lost breath when the Turks won the Independence War in 1922 and eradicating the Sultanate, hence creating the modern-day Turkish country in the process.

YUGOSLAVIA, 1918 – 1992

Yugoslavia same as Czechoslovakia was a spin-off of the old Austro-Hungarian’s parting in the aftermath of WWI. The country was constructed from parts of Hungary and the original state of Serbia. It preserved an autocratic monarchy until the Nazis invaded the country in 1941. After that event, Yugoslavia turned into German possession. After the decadence and decline of the Nazis in 1945, Yugoslavia somehow managed to circumvent Soviet occupation but not Communism, coming under the socialist governing of Marshal Josip Tito, the leader of the Partisan Army during WWII. The socialist republic remained a neutral and independent until 1992, when internal tensions and rival nationalism resulted in civil war. The country then dissevered into six smaller nations and those are the following: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Macedonia, and Montenegro. The country enjoyed many years of independence and greatness thanks to socialism, yet that did not help Yugoslavia to keep away from trotting the path walked by Czechoslovakia too.


The Soviet Union was created in the disorderly aftermath of the decline of Imperial Russia after WWI. They both outlasted and flourished despite some crude economic policies and vicious leadership. The USSR actually managed to beat the Nazis when no one thought that Hitler could be terminated, enslaved Eastern Europe for over forty years, initiated the Korean War in 1950, and very nearly got into a war with the United States over Cuba in 1962. Despite, it broke into no less than fifteen sovereign countries, thus creating the largest new block of countries since the dissevering of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. The reasons for the decline were the aftermath of the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 and the succeeding collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. What came next was the pseudo-democratic Republic of Russia, which still was able to conserve much of the prevailing autocratic atmosphere it has always been known for.



Category: History

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